How Many Mustangs can a Gray Wolf Eat?

Non-native wild horses are overly abundant in many western states, including California. Their presence has a negative impact upon the habitat of many native species including mule deer.

Another species is now present in California that may also have a negative impact upon mule deer. Concerned about predation by gray wolves, I asked a biologist friend if he thought gray wolves would impact the California mule deer population.

His response may have been only half serious, but he said the wild horses might have more to worry about than the deer.

In an effort to do some research and establish parameters for continuation of this discussion, I conducted an internet search for more information. I searched for “Wolves and wild horses” on Goggle Search.

This was my answer:

Not satisfied with this answer, I modified my search and came up with information provided in the following link. I believe the second link is  more accurate and realistic:

For each horse that feeds a wolf, we’ll probably gain about ten mule deer. Wolves or horses? It’s a close call.

Gray Wolves Could be Listed Under California’s Endangered Species Act

Several environmental groups have joined with the Center for Biological Diversity to petition California. Read about it here:

California has its own version of the endangered species act. Although wolves are not currently listed in California, they are listed federally by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife service.

One gray wolf has recently entered California from Oregon. Read about it here:

The State has completed it’s initial review. Read about it here:

Here is the petition:

Juvenile Snake

Came upon a snake while hiking last week. One of my experts believes it’s a California yellow-bellied racer.

What do you think? It was less than a foot long and had a turquoise cast to it. In the cool morning air it was inactive.

This snake was quite small and stayed still in the dusty trail.

Big eyes.